COLLABORATION BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRY AS’ IMPLEMENTATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP UNIVERSITY : MAPPING EXCELLENCY AND PRIORITY OF ITB RESEARCH PRODUCTS
Higher education has certain purposes in which they should act upon it accordingly. In Indonesia, higher education is demarcated by the 3 pillars or known as Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi. Each university, later on, will translate the values that they hold into vision and mission statement. The values are shown by their code of conduct. The first pillar shows the importance of education in which all people who are academically related; may it be the lecturers, students, or even people in the management ranks, have relatively the same obligation to conduct and implement the best deliverance in educating not only their student, but the whole nation. The second pillar shows that the result of higher education researches should be carefully implemented. Not only to the importance of their student, but also for the wider stakeholders. The third pillar shows one of the importance matters where higher education has the obligation to actively take part in the community service. The result shows that these faculties have the responsibility and ability to hold significant role for the betterment of the society through research advancement.
Based on the above background, this research tries to render these 3 pillars by taking Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) as the focus of research. As top university in Indonesia, ITB has already tried to implement the three pillars of higher education. However, the focus of this research lies mainly in the second pillar, which is the dissemination and implementation of the results of the lesson learned as well as the researches. However, in order to explore more extensively, this research merely focuses on the faculties, which administer graduate programs.
Based on both quantitative as well as qualitative method that being implemented by the stakeholders, there is paucity of researches that designed to measure the efficacies of each faculty to gain income from their researches. Through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), this research not only explains but also explores kinds of roles which are done by this graduate programs to the extent of commercialization of their products. In this university there are 12 faculties in which have different main of focus. This can be seen from each mission statements in order to opt of their readiness to work with industries.
Recent findings show that several researches, which are done by these faculties’ research centers, were basically done on their purely interest towards these projects. It is not based on the needs of the market and done mostly within the institution, even though some joint researches with industries were also discovered. However, the needs for intermediaries that bridge the market needs or interests with the research that will later on be done by the researchers were almost completely lacked. Therefore, there is LPIK/ Lembaga Pengembangan Inovasi dan Kewirausahaan (Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development which allows these researches able to captures the needs and be the center of databases that can be easily accessed by the stakeholders.
One of the limitation is funding, therefore this research also includes the data on the funding or grants type and providers. Since there is possibility that the research were using own fund or even funded by industries or investors. However inconsistencies found when it is checked, since several researches were runs on private funding and others were not. There are huge gaps showed that these faculties were facing problems in both efficiency and effectiveness when it comes to research commercialization. This research also found that there are certain barriers that were proven to hinder the collaborative action between university and industry. In reality, the collaboration itselfhas not being optimally implemented thus causing big questions mark on the university readiness to create such joint research or commercialization. This research found the missing link on how to increase the collaboration between faculties in ITB and industry, as well as between each faculty in ITB itself. The research also found that there is indeed “wake up call” for SBM-ITB to lower the walls and “Answer” to other faculties “calls” in relate to commercialization. There are certain expectations that otherfaculties expect from SBM-ITB, start from joint research, in which SBM-ITB can perform market research and other sciences and engineering faculty can focus on innovation and product technology development research. This study also revealed that there is some un-transparent process of patents valuation in which has barred these joint research and collaboration contract be conducted. Therefore, this study has also found that several corresponding methods that was likely used to value patent, namely Incurred-cost, costing, comparison-based and real options. The result shows that there are three main approaches, which was made from the review and examination of cost-based, market-based and income-based approaches.
LIST OF RESEARCH OUTPUT
- Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, Akbar Adhi Utama, Sita Deliyana Firmialy, Prameshwara Anggahegari, “Technology commercialization within Indonesia’s public university environment : which scheme of funding that is most effective to enhance innovation?”, Issues in Sciences and Technology (submitted)
- Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, Manahan Siallagan, Sita Deliyana Firmialy, Michael Thji, “Identifiying the barrier factors for technology commercialization of university research products in emerging countries (case study in technology)”, International Journal of Business and Globalization (IJBG) (submitted)
- Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono,Santi Novani,Sita Deliyana Firmialy,Yonathan Palumian, “How far is research collaboration between university-industry in Indonesia? Vision-mission statement analysis (the case study of Bandung institute of technology)”, International Journal of Business and Globalization (IJBG) (submitted)
- Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, Yunieta Anny Nainggolan, Sita Deliyana Firmialy, Mikhael Thji, “Recommendation for the future : how to value university research products in emerging countries ?”, International Journal of Business and Globalization (IJBG)
- Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, Akbar Adhiutama,Noorhan Firdaus Pambudi, Sita Deliyana Firmialy, “Proposed methodology to assess efficiency and effectiveness of industry-university collaboration for supporting entrepreneurial university”, nternational Journal of Business and Globalization (IJBG) (submitted)
HEAD OF RESEARCH TEAM : Prof. Dr. Ir. Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono, DEA
TEAM MEMBERS : Dr. Yunieta Anny Nainggolan, Dr. Akbar Adhiutama, Dr. Santi Novani, Dr. Manahan Siallagan
OFFICIAL ADDRESS : Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung
EMAIL : email@example.com